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India’s New Education Policy 2020
30 Jul

India’s New Education Policy 2020

New Education Policy was launched in India on Wednesday, July 29. Earlier, in the afternoon the Union cabinet approved the policy that aims to overhaul the country’s education system. Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B) Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development (HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, made the announcement on the NEP- 2020. Earlier on May 1, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had reviewed the NEP- 2020, for which draft was prepared by a panel of experts led by former Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan. The NEP 2020 aims at making “India a global knowledge superpower”.

  1. HRD Ministry of India is renamed as Education Ministry of India.
  2. National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) would be created.
  3. 100 Foreign Colleges branch to be established in India.
  4. M. Phil Courses will be discontinued and all the courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and PhD level will now be interdisciplinary.
  5. All higher education institutions, except legal and medical colleges, will be governed by a single regulator body.
  6. Board exams in schools will be low stakes and test actual knowledges of students instead of “rote learning”.
  7. Home language, mother tongue or regional language will be the medium of instruction up to Class 5.
  8. School curriculum will also be reduced and there will be integration of vocational education from class 6.
  9. Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements.
  10. Common norms will be in place for private and public higher education institutions.
  11. There will be holistic and multidisciplinary education in terms of flexibility of subjects with credit transfer.
  12. Other features include graded academic, administrative and Financial autonomy of institutions with A+, A, B+, B.. type of Institutions.
  13. E-courses will be developed in regional languages and virtual labs will be developed.
  14. Under graded autonomy academic, administrative and financial autonomy will be given to colleges, on the basis of the states of their accreditation.
  15. National mission will focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy.
  16. Sanskrit to be mainstreamed language.
  17. Major changes have been announced in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams.
  18. All separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra- curricular will also be removed.
  19. National Assessment Centre – “PARAKH’ has been created to assess the students.
  20. NEP 2020 aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ration in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035.
  21. At least 3.5 crore new seats will be added to higher education institutions.

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